Patient Care

简介:
出血性脑血管疾病
出血性脑血管疾病介绍
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Hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease, also known as hemorrhagic stroke, refers to non-traumatic bleeding in the cerebral parenchyma, often forming intracerebral hematomas of varying sizes, which sometimes perforate the cerebral parenchyma and form secondary accumulations of blood in the cerebral ventricles and (or) subarachnoid space. During the onset of hemorrhagic stroke, the blood supply to some brain tissue is cut off due to bleeding from the blood vessels inside or on the surface of the brain.
病因
  • The results of the INTERSTROKE study from 32 countries published in the journal The Lancet in 2016 showed that 90.7% of strokes worldwide were associated with 10 correctable risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, heart disease, smoking, alcohol intake, unhealthy diet, abdominal obesity, lack of physical activity and psychological factors.
诊断
  • Imaging Examination (CT scan and MRI)

  • Lumbar Puncture

  • Cerebral Angiography

出血性脑卒中的预防
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The possibility of developing hemorrhagic stroke can be reduced through the following measures:
1. Receive treatment for hypertension
2. Avoid smoking or excessive drinking
3. Use no illegal drugs
4. Healthy diet
5. Reasonable exercise


预后
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Some patients may recover from stroke without any long-term problems or with only minor problems. However, most patients may experience serious problems after a stroke, such as inability to speak or eat on their own, or inability to move one side of the body.

After a stroke, patients are also more likely to experience other physical problems, including blood clots in the legs, heart problems, bedsores or lung infection. Generally, doctors will make plans to prevent these problems and provide treatment in a timely manner.


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